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Posts Tagged ‘ESXi’

VMkernel.Boot.maxVCPUs

November 14th, 2011 No comments

Today a co-worker called me and told me they where testing something out and they stumbled on a little issue. Here’s what they did, they where trying to start 125 VMs at once on an ESXi 4.1 host to do some load testing.

This al works just fine when they use a single vCPU for each virtual machine, they could start all 125 VMs at once, no problems at all.

However when they where doing the same test but now with an extra vCPU (so in total they assigned 2 vCPUs for each virtual machine) they couldn’t start more than 100 VMs.

The other 25 where unable to start and the received a error message that the system could not power on the VMs (look at the screenshot below).

Weird? well not really, especially if you look at the error description. You could already guess what’s going wrong here, it looks that they have reached some limit in the amount of used vCPUs on the ESXi host.

To solve this little issue you need to change the maximum number of vCPUs to for example 512 vCPUs.

To increase the maximum number of vCPUs to 512:

  1. Launch the vSphere Client.
  2. Click the host.
  3. Click the Configuration tab and then go to Advanced Settings.
  4. Go to Vmkernel > Boot > maxVCPUS.
  5. Modify the parameter to 512.

Check out this VMware KB article to find other ways to change the maximum number of vCPUs.

Thanks, goes to Krishan Khoesial who has worked this issue out.

VMware vSphere 4.1 Update 1 released

February 11th, 2011 No comments

VMware have released Update 1 for vSphere 4.1 (ESX, ESXi and vCenter Server), it’s mostly a bug fix release, below you can find the release notes and the download links, for the latest release of vSphere.

VMware ESX 4.1 Update 1:

VMware ESXi 4.1 Update 1:

VMware vCenter Server 4.1 Update 1:

Happy patching :-D

6 ways to enable SSH on an ESXi host

January 18th, 2011 No comments

UPDATE: Big thanks to Eric Sloof, Arne Fokkema, Alan Renouf and William Lam. They have pointed my at three additional ways to turn on SSH, I have added them to this post to make it even more complete, thanks guys!!!

Yeah I know, there are many blog post out there that describe how to enable SSH on an ESXi host, so why write another one? Well actually I have two reasons for it, first there are several ways to enable SSH and secondly I want to talk about the consequences when you enable SSH, because I think it need some more attention than just show you how to enable it.

So I decided to dig a little bit further in this matter, and provide you with some extra information, and hopefully some guidance to leave SSH turned on or off, but we will get back on that subject later in this post.

Like most of you already know it’s possible to access an ESX (classic) host through SSH with help of Putty or some other kind of SSH application, and login to the Service Console.

But with the introduction of VMware ESXi this have changed a little bit, because the ESXi host won’t have a Service Console, there’s no way to login with SSH, or is it? Lucky for us ESXi still have a so called Busybox (a very small “Service Console” but very limited in functionality) so with some tweaks it is still possible to use SSH for accessing an ESXi’s host, but remember it’s not the full blown Service Console like ESX have.

Since the release of vSphere 4.1 it is possible to enable SSH aka “Remote Tech Support” via the vSphere Client to make it a lot easier to enable SSH, more about his in option two.

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Configure Cisco CDP on ESX(i)

December 7th, 2010 No comments

Before we start with configuring CDP on a ESX(i) hosts, let’s first take a look at what CDP realy is?

According to Cisco; The Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) is primarily used to obtain protocol addresses of neighboring devices and discover the platform of those devices. CDP can also be used to show information about the interfaces your router uses. CDP is media- and protocol-independent, and runs on all Cisco-manufactured equipment including routers, bridges, access servers, and switches.

Okay, now thats more clear (I hope so ;-)), lets take a look at how we can use CDP within ESX(i) because, hopefully as you all know by now, VMware ESX(i) is capable of using the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP).

By default the CDP configuration is in Listen only mode, this means that the ESX(i) host can only recieve CDP information like for example; on what switchport and switch it is connected, type of switch, VLAN, routing support etc. This is the same on a standard vSwitch as well as the distributed dvSwitch.

This is fine for an Administrator if he wants to know on what switchport an ESX(i) host is connected, but perhaps the network folkes also want to know the same information only from their perspective. Because the default setting is on “Listen”, the ESX(i) hosts won’t send any CDP information back to the switch, so if a network guy logs in his switch and execute the command: “show cdp neighbors” he won’t get any information that there is an ESXi hosts with a vSwitch or dvSwtich connected to a switch port.

So to enable CDP on “both” sides we need to configure CDP to Listen and Advertise at the same time so both parties have the information they need.  But before we start configuring CDP, lets first take a look at what configuration options we have available.

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Stay on time with NTP

October 31st, 2010 No comments

Because off the daylight saving time changes here in Europe I think it would be nice if I posted a quick ”how to” about NTP configuration on a ESXi hosts.

There are many documents out there that describes why you need a reliable time source like Timekeeping in a VMware Virtual Machines.

However not every company have their own timeserver (NTP server) somewhere in their datacenter, so they must rely on a public time source. Lucky for us there is a good and reliable public time source project called the “NTP Pool Project“.

To setup a NTP source on a ESXi host I use the vMA (Virtual Management Assistant) and use the vifcg-ntp command. Bellow I will add the NTP server called nl.pool.ntp.org to the ESXi hosts esx01.virtualclouds.info.

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HP customized VMware ESX(i) 4.1 available

September 27th, 2010 No comments

HP made there customized VMware ESX 4.1 and ESXi 4.1 available for downloading.

Check out the following sites to download the ESX 4.1 and the ESXi 4.1 ISO  files.

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Categories: VMware ESX, VMware ESXi Tags: , , , , ,

Roll Back an ESXi image

April 25th, 2010 No comments

As you might know it’s possible to roll back an ESXi “image” to a previous version. For example you’re updated a ESXi host with a newer version of ESXi and for some reason the host is not running correctly, it’s possible to re-install the host or to roll back the ESXi image to a previous version that’s stored on the alternate boot bank of the SD/USB/HDD disk. Here’s how you do this.

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